What is the Prostate?
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the male bladder and the penis.

The prostate is just in front of the rectum. The urethra runs through the centre of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis.

The prostate secretes a fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. The milky fluid produced by the prostate – prostatic fluid – makes up around 30 percent of the total fluid ejaculated (the rest is sperm and fluid from the seminal vesicles).

First indications of an issue with the prostate:

  • Frequent urge to urinate.
  • The need to get up many times during the night to urinate.
  • Blood in urine or semen.
  • Pain or burning urination.
  • Painful ejaculation.
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs.
  • Dribbling of urine

Early warning signs of prostate cancer

  • Burning or pain during urination.
  • Difficulty urinating, or trouble starting and stopping while urinating.
  • More frequent urges to urinate at night.
  • Loss of bladder control.
  • Decreased flow or velocity of the urine stream.
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Blood in the semen.

A range of treatments can relieve enlarged prostate symptoms including medications, minimally-invasive procedures, and surgery. The best one for you depends on your symptoms, how severe they are, and whether you have other medical conditions.


  • Digital rectal exam. The doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to check your prostate for enlargement.
  • Urine test. Analyzing a sample of your urine can help rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
  • Blood test.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test

what is the prostate